Despite the fact that, as Shakespeare said, “The pen is mightier than the sword,” the pen itself is not enough to make an effective writer. In fact, though we may all like to think of ourselves as the next Shakespeare, inspiration alone is not the key to effective essay writing. We see the conventions of general paper essay writing in Singapore are more formulaic than we might think – and, in many ways, it can be as simple as counting to five.
The principle purpose of the introduction is to present our position (this is also known as the “thesis” or “argument”) on the issue at hand but effective introductory paragraphs are so much more than that. Before we even get to this thesis statement, for example, the essay should begin with a “hook” that grabs the reader’s attention and makes them want to read on.
The body paragraphs
The middle paragraphs of the essay are collectively known as the body paragraphs and, as alluded to above, the main purpose of a body paragraph is to spell out in detail the examples that support our thesis.
For the first body paragraph, we should use our strongest argument or most significant example unless some other more obvious beginning point (as in the case of chronological explanations) is required. The first sentence of this paragraph should be the topic sentence of the paragraph that directly relates to the examples listed in the mini-outline of the introductory paragraph.
Even the most famous examples need context. The reader needs to know this and it is your job as the writer to paint the appropriate picture for them. To do this, it is a good idea to provide the reader with five or six relevant facts about the life (in general) or event (in particular) we believe most clearly illustrates our point.
Although the conclusion paragraph comes at the end of our essay it should not be seen as an afterthought. As the final paragraph is represented our last chance to make our case and, as such, should follow an extremely rigid format.
One way to think of the conclusion is, paradoxically, as a second introduction because it does, in fact, contain many of the same features. While it does not need to be too long – four well-crafted sentences should be enough – it can make or break an essay.
Effective conclusions open with a concluding transition (“in conclusion,” “in the end,” etc.) and an allusion to the “hook” used in the introductory paragraph. After that, we should immediately provide a restatement of our thesis statement.
This should be the fourth or fifth time we have repeated our thesis so while we should use a variety of word choice in the body paragraphs it is an acceptable idea to use some of the original languages we used in the introduction. This echoing effect not only reinforces our argument but also ties it nicely to the second key element of the conclusion: a brief review of the three main points from the body of the paper. To read more about English literature class for secondary school click here.